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First Aid For Sport Injuries


Sports injuries occur during sports activities. The most common types are bruises, dislocations, sprains of ligaments, bleedings, fractures, etc. The cause of an injury can be avoiding the safety rules, poor-quality equipment and sports facilities, the rough surface of the sports fields and tracks, etc.

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And if you administer the first predoctor care right, you can avoid many unpleasant consequences of an injury!

 



Be careful during working out and good luck in your sport achievements!

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Bruises

Bruise is a closed tissue damage that is often accompanied by internal bleeding. The place of an injury usually swells immediately, the skin becomes dark red, and then changes its color to blue and yellow.



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First aid:

In the first minutes a place of an injury is treated with cold – bandage with ice, a jet of a cold water, and then impose tight bandage and send the injured to a medical center.

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Sprains or disruptions of ligaments

When stretching the ligaments an athlete feels a sharp pain, the place of an injury swells, functions of the joints are violated.

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First aid:

First aid is similar to first aid for bruises – primarily you need to impose a bandage that fixes the joint.

Then, you should put something cold on the injury. It constricts vessels, reducing internal bleeding, and decreasing swelling and pain. Apply ice for 20 minutes, preferably with small breaks to achieve a positive effect – reducing pain and swelling.



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Rupture of tendons or ligaments requires providing complete rest to the patient, imposing tight bandage on the damaged area of the joint. Damage of the joint, following by coming out of a joint into the surrounding tissue, is called a dislocation.

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Dislocations

The symptoms of dislocation are pain in the limbs, sudden strain (retraction) of injury area, lack of active and impossibility of passive joint movements, fixation of the limbs in an unnatural position that cannot be changed, changing of length of the limbs, usually their shortening.



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First aid:

Apply cold to the area of the damaged joint, the following step would be immobilization of the limb in the position it adopted after the injury.

After this procedure, fix the place of a fracture or dislocation using transport splints. That is, fracture fixation should cover at least two joints – above and below the injury. Also, it is important to use painkiller to prevent traumatic shock.

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Dislocation reduction is a medical procedure. You should not attempt to make it yourself, because sometimes it is difficult to define whether this is a dislocation or a fracture; moreover, dislocations are often accompanied by cracks and fractures of the bones.

Practice shows that Aloe Vera based gel – one of the most effective natural remedy to treat a variety of injuries, is great for healing dislocations.

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Fractures

Fractures are divided into closed (without skin damage) and open (with skin damage in the area of the fracture). Fractures can have various shapes: transverse, oblique, spiral, longitudinal.

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Fracture characteristics: sharp pain, increasing with every move or load on the limb, changing the position of the body and limb form, violation of its functions (inability to use it), the appearance of swelling and bruise in the zone of a fracture, shortening of the limb, pathological (abnormal) mobility of bones.

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The main first aid activities for bone fractures are:

  • creating motionlessness of the bones in the area of the fracture – it reduces pain and is the main point in prevention of a shock. Immobilization of the limb is achieved by overlapping transport splints or splints from improvised hard material. Splint overlay needs to be carried out directly at the place of an accident and only after that transport the patient;
  • carrying out the measures aimed at combating a shock or prevention of a shock. Prevention of a shock and other common phenomena is provided by proper fixing of damaged bones;
  • Organization of the fastest transportation of the injured to the hospital.

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Open fracture requires applying an antiseptic bandage before the immobilization of a limb. If there is a bleeding from a wound, you should temporally stop it using compression bandage, tourniquet, etc. If there are no transport splints, you should carry out immobilization using improvised splints.

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The wounds with bleeding

The most important in the first few minutes is to stop the bleeding. To do this, press your finger on the artery above the wound. If after 10-15 minutes the bleeding does not stop, place a tourniquet or a spin, but don`t leave it for a period of more than 1.5 – 2 hours. Longer overlapping of blood supply can lead to irreversible changes in the tissues below the place of tourniquet overlay.



FIRST AID

After the bleeding stops, treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide and brilliant green. Apply a tincture of iodine on the skin around the wound and impose a sterile bandage. After that, transport the injured person to the infirmary.

 

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